– Answer Key

ANSWERS FOR: Christopher Columbus: Man & Myth Quiz Answers
1. In what year did Chris first sail across the “ocean blue?”
1492 but he had made earlier trips on the Atlantic while traveling to England and to West Africa.

2. Where was Columbus probably born?
Genoa, Italy, in 1451

3. In the 15th century did most people think the world was round or did they think it was flat?

4. What was the nationality of Columbus’s wife?

Felipa Perestrello e Moniz, mother of his 1st son Diego, was Portuguese. She died in 1485.  (Bonus:  His mistress, Beatriz Enriquez de Arana, mother of Ferdinand, his 2nd son, was Spanish.)

5. Name his three ships:
Nina, Pinta & Santa Maria

6. Where did he make his first landfall in the Americas?
On San Salvador in the Bahamas although there is no proof which island it really
was.  (In 1926, the British renamed Watlings Island as San Salvador and it still
has the best claim. The National Geographic Society believes Samana Cay was
the site of the first landfall and claims are also made by several other islands south
of the Bahamas.)

7. On what date (today) did Columbus land in America?  
On October 12, 1492, following the Julian calendar then in use but we use the Gregorian calendar adopted by a papal bull in 1582.  So, in reality, our Columbus Day should be October 21st, nine days later than all the appliance sales.

8. How many trips did he make to the New World?

9. Why wasn’t America named after Columbus?  
Amerigo Vespucci, another Italian, had a better Communications Specialist.
Actually, Vespucci wrote about his trips to the Americas and drew maps of the
South American coastline that were used in 1507 by Martin Waldseemuller, a
German mapmaker, when he drew a map of the “New World.”

10. Where is Columbus buried?

After his death on May 20, 1506, in Valladolid, Spain, he was buried there until
1509 when his body was moved to Seville.  However, in accordance with a
provision in the will of his son Diego, he was moved to Santo Domingo in 154l.
In 1795, after the French took control of Hispaniola, Chris’s remains were taken to Havana, Cuba, in order to remain on Spanish soil.  But after the Spanish-American War, Cuba became independent and the remains were returned to Seville, Spain, in 1899, with some ashes also sent to Genoa, Italy, his birthplace. However, the Dominican Republic claims the wrong coffin was taken in 1796 and that Chris is still there.  In fact, sailors in Santo Domingo ceremonially guard the crypt where their government claims Columbus is buried. In The Mysterious History of Columbus: An Exploration of the Man, the Myth, the Legacy, author John Noble Wilford states: “A fitting conclusion to this last Columbus mystery would be to discover that in death the explorer found himself both in Europe and the New World.”

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